Monday, April 27, 2009

OSCE + Russia = Love

Facing a terror wave from the communists, the journalists headed for the OSCE building for support and protection. A wrong move, as journalists from Antena 3 tv station would learn, to their bitter surprise. The team consisting of Petru Terguta, Dan Nitescu and Victor Ciprian has been harrassed, watched and threatened until Thursday, the 9th of April. Policemen in civil clothes searched for them at the hotel, and on their phones they kept receiving threatening messages. Antena 3 decided to withdraw them back home and sent them to the OSCE building to ask for protection. Terguta, Moldovan citizen, had been warned that he would be arrested and could not be protected by the Romanian consulate. Aura Titiriga, senior editor at Antena 3, tells how the journalists entered the OSCE building, and then the head of the mission, Philip Remler, agressed them verbally, being more and more violent in persuading them to leave the mission’s headquarters. Remler threatened he would call the police, which was looking for the journalists anyway. Eventually, an OSCE representative accompanied the journalists in town and all the way to the border. The next day, Terguta’s brother, Ion Terguta, was arrested on the street together with TVR tv station correspondent, Doru Dendiu.

On Saturday, after days of more and more obvious abuses on journalists, the Deutsche Welle correspondent, Vitalie Calugareanu, tried to contact the OSCE mission to ask them how they were complying with their mandate of monitoring the freedom of the press. The OSCE mission was empty, only one person was taking calls, and that person was speaking Russian only and said all others were left on Easter holiday.

Instead of condemning abuses, arrogant advice for the journalists

Oficially, the version told by the OSCE is that the mission in Moldova only monitors and reports the abuses cases on journalists and gives them further to the Government from Chisinau. They say they cannot offer consular protection or political asylum. Basically, Moldovan journalists, beaten or arrested on the streets by the police, must go through a whole bureaucratic international system, so that finally the reclaimed abuse would be examined by the same policemen that beat them. This international entity is as useless, as it is costing. The OSCE mandate has four coordinates, one of them being mass-media and human rights. 48 employees, with a yearly budget of two million euros, of which 300 000 only for the mass-media, all these so that OSCE can go on holiday during the most serious abuses during the last 20 years.

The only public statements that the OSCE office made were on the 6th and th of April. On the 6th they hurried to say that the elections had been ok. On the 7th they condemned the violences in Chisinau. No word after that, during the next days when the Moldovan journalists feared to get out of their houses and expected being arrested any moment. Only on the 14th the OSCE “woke up” from their Easter holiday. A press release from the OSCE representative, Miklos Haraszti, condemned the abuses of the authorities from Chisinau. A weird thing: although the OSCE statement was supposed to refer strictly to the serious abuses of the police and special services, Haraszti wanted to preach conduct and ethics lessons to the journalists. Filled with deep Christian feelings inside, after an Easter weekend, Haraszti urged them to keep their mouths shut and not “inflame the situation” or “personally get involved in the events they speak about“. Better said, they were supposed to leave their arrested and beaten bodies and write news from up above, from heaven.

Why we don’t need OSCE anymore

The organisation was founded during the 70’s. One of the defining lines was protecting democratic values and human rights. After 30 years, in September 2008, the Russian ambassador in Wien formally asked OSCE to give up this priority, and focus on economical and security problems. Privately, it was requested the neutralization of the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), the agency which is in charge of monitoring the elections and which has an unacceptable “insolence” (to be read: “independence”) degree. Russia is one of the main sponsors (approximately 35% of the OSCE budget) and does not understand to be criticized on its own money. The revolt of the political elite of soviet origins toughened after the Chechen crisis, when OSCE released one of its most severe and most criticizing towards Russian government reports. Basically, and especially since 2004, the monitoring elections reports started being politically censored by the diplomats of the organisation. Accounts like “The police surrounded the headquarters of the main opposition party” (Russia, 2003) disappeared from the final OSCE / ODIHR reports; generally, frustration dominates the observers who have been breaking their bones during the monitoring campaigns: the information for which lives are risked are supressed, up to disappearance, by the diplomatic negociation of the political representatives with the local authorities, inside the OSCE.

OSCE - tourism agency for the post-soviet maffia

Currently, Georgia does not event want to hear of the OSCE anymore, as they consider it an organisation which represents the interests of the Kremlin. In Russia, the assistance mission was closed, and since 2007, monitoring elections in that country was given up altogether. In Moldova, the report on the elections was made public on Monday, after just a few hours since the end of the elections. European observers’ remarks were ruled out: baroness Emma Nicholson showed the access blocking of the Moldovan citizens to the voting sections, across the Nistru river. Marian Jean Marinescu showed that 200 000 more people appeared on the voting lists, as compared to the previous elections, and many other problems that were not just “mere incidents“, but affected profoundly the elections process. Such problems that were removed from the report made tens of thousands of Moldovan get out on streets. This way, the OSCE hostility towards journalists is nothing but a symptom of a much more serious illness of this organisation. If the Russian government manages to control through blackmail the activity of a multinational institution, meant to protect human rights in Europe, the purpose of this organisation is compromised. And if we add the fact that the access of the Romanians in the structure of the OSCE mission is basically forbidden, while the Russian becomes a compulsory language to get to top levels inside OSCE, one wonders if there is any use in sponsoring an organisation which appears to have become a tourism agency for the post-soviet maffia.

Bruxelles Puppeteering

Kalman Miszei

Hungarian Kalman Mizsei is the special EU representative in Moldova. Two years ago, he warned Romania to give up their “older brother” attitude towards Moldova. Miszei exceeded his attributions by ordering Romania to sign the base treaty with Moldova and by asking that Romania should give up granting Romanian citizenship to Moldovans, which is a sovereign atribute of Romania. The EU representative ended his speech by praising the “pluralism” and the “civil society” in Transnistria. Kalman Miszei ended up becoming a EU representative in Moldova after he had to quit from the United Nations’ Program for Development, following some serious accusations of corruption regarding financing the rehabilitation of the Moscow Planetarium with European money. Inner Citty Press, a non-profit organisation, which watches the spending of the granted funds for poor communities by UN, the World Bank, PNUD a.s.o, brings serious accusations to Miszei.

Marianne Mikko

The presenter of the elections report was the Estonian Marianne Mikko, who represented the European Parliament at the elections in the Republic of Moldova. Mikko should not have been an observer there, as being biased, as a co-president of the EU-Moldova Committee together with the communist Stepaniuc, and by her numerous statements during time, which proved her anti-Romanian subjectivity.

Mikko, an ex-journalist for a communist newspaper during the USSR, attacked heavily the Romanian president for his intention of granting Romanian citizenship to the Moldovans, which is a sovereign right of Romania. By breaching any protocol, Mikko accused him of “lack of wisdom“, then withdrawing her statement and saying that the press misinterpreted her. The Estonian representative opposes Romania taking part in the negociation format with Transnistria and Moldova joinig the EU at the same time with the West Balkan countries. Mikko stirred a whole scandal in Europe by her initiative of restricting the bloggers’ freedom of expression and the obligativity of identifying them.

David Wilshire

The most active influence Russian agent in the observers delegation at the elections in the Republic of Moldova is the British David Wilshire, a representative of the Council of Europe. Wilshire is a notorious propangandist of Moscow interests. Last year he scandalized the public opinion in the UK, when he accused Georgia of agression against Russia, following him taking part in a delegation in the ex-soviet area.

The British newspaper “The Guardian“, after reviewing all Wilshire’s pro-Russian antecedents, uncovers his slatternly lobby to impose Mihail Margelov, Putin’s man, as president of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (APCE), in January 2008. After the Spanish socialist Luis Maria de Puig became president of the APCE, in the detriment of Margelov, Wilshire refused to shake hands with de Puig, saying that he had “prepared his congratulations speech in Russian, not in Spanish“. The Moscow newspaper “Kommersant” considered the event as tragic, because de Puig has just been elected, when he invited Mihail Saakasvili, the Georgian president, to the APCE session, and the APCE delegates criticized the elections for the Parliament in Russia. David Wilshire reacted, saying that the Russian elections had been correct, while the Georgian ones had been frauded.

Source: Free Moldova



Dear Mr President / SOS Moldova!



Sunday, April 26, 2009

Petition to EU, EC and Council of Europe

Sign in the petition and speak up your voice.

This petition targets the European Union, the European Commission and the Council of Europe to intervene and send missions to Moldova.
You can share it with who like by using the social bookmarking website you prefer:
Bookmark and Share

For your information, the petition is hosted here.

Source: Moldova Observer




Is Election Crisis in Moldova Part of a Pattern in Post-Soviet Republics?

By Judith Latham
Washington
24 April 2009

Moldova’s Constitutional Court has upheld the results of a vote recount that confirmed the victory of the ruling Communist Party in the nation’s April 5th parliamentary elections. The recount was initiated by the Communist Party of President Vladimir Voronin.

Leaders of the three main opposition parties called the recount a sham and had asked the court to overturn the election results. The recount confirmed the Communist Party won 60 seats in Parliament – one less than needed to nominate a president, but sufficient to form the government.

A Moldovan Perspective

The opposition refused to participate in the recount of the vote, insisting instead on checking the electoral lists, according to Moldovan political analyst Vlad Lupan, who has a radio show in the capital city, Chisinau. Speaking on VOA’s International Press Club, Lupan told program host Judith Latham, “The electoral lists contained names of people who had died as well as those who voted multiple times.” “The police arrested even those demonstrators who had protested non-violently and some of them were tortured,” he said. Lupan said the youth are now afraid and that he thinks it unlikely they will demonstrate again.

The majority of Moldova’s 3.8 million people are ethnic Romanian, but there are also sizable minorities of Russian and Ukrainian speakers – as well as the Gagauz, a Turkic group that is Orthodox Christian. “About 10 percent of the country identifies itself with Russia,” he said. He compares the political situation in Moldova with that in Georgia’s breakaway regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, where Moscow issued passports to locals as a pretext for an invasion aimed at “protecting” its own citizens.
“The dispute over Moldova’s integration with Europe has far more to do with Russia’s claim of a sphere of influence in the former Soviet republics than with concern for Moldova’s Russian minority,” said Lupan. “The problem extends," he says, “to Ukraine and the disputed region of Trans-Dniester.” [Also called Transniestria by ethnic Romanians, Trans-Dniester includes that area between the left bank of the river Dniester and the border with Ukraine.] Trans-Dniester was part of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic before the collapse of the Soviet Union, but declared its independence from the rest of Moldova in 1990. De jure part of the modern Republic of Moldova, Trans-Dniester is a de facto independent state whose political status remains unresolved.

Vlad Lupan describes the government of Moldova today as “authoritarian,” not unlike Russia but “not yet on the level of the dictatorship in Belarus.” “Moldova currently faces critical issues of a geo-strategic and economic nature,” he said. Lupan considers it inevitable that the interests of Russia and the European Union will collide in Moldova, Ukraine, and the former Soviet republics in the Caucasus. “Stability in the Black Sea region, a major transit route for oil, is critical to both the European Union and the United States,” he adds.

Lupan says Washington should clearly state its position against violations of human rights in Moldova. “U.S. opinion carries considerable weight,” he said, “because Moldova needs the economic aid that the United States provides.”

Economic Dimension

Also appearing on VOA’s International Press Club, East European analyst Daniel Nelson described President Voronin as “a throwback to the Soviet period during the 1950s.” He called Mr. Voronin “an anti-democrat with no interest in civil society, press freedom, or academic freedom.”

Nelson, a widely respected academic and foreign policy consultant, reminds us that Moldova’s current situation is tied to its post-World War II history. “Moldova was historically part of Romania,” he said, “but because of Romania’s involvement in World War II on the side of Germany, the Soviet Union took Moldova and absorbed it as a Soviet Socialist Republic.” That separation remains today – both physically and politically.
Earlier this month, following the parliamentary elections, President Voronin accused Romania of masterminding anti-communist disturbances and with trying to overthrow his government. In retaliation, he expelled Romania's ambassador and introduced the idea of Moldovan visas for Romanians. Moscow backed his allegation of foreign interference, but Romania, a NATO and EU member, rejected Mr. Voronin's words as a "provocation."

“Neither the European Union nor NATO is making any claim on the territory of Moldova,” Daniel Nelson said. Looking to the future, Nelson said “the best possible outcome – notwithstanding the April 5th elections – would be a stable Moldova that has some elements of prosperity.” Moldova is the poorest country in Europe.

Ethnic Dimension

Joining Lupan and Nelson on the program, Eurasian specialist Paul Goble cited ethnic tensions in post-Soviet Moldova as a reason Moldova has had difficulties in constructing a national identity. The author of many books and articles on the former Soviet Union, Goble suggested the possibility of another round of social uprisings in Moldova, not unlike the upheavals in Georgia and Ukraine in the past few years. “When there have been political problems, brought on by economic or other kinds of crises,” Goble said, “those ethnic divisions resurface.” “What often happens,” he said, “is that the ethnic divisions preclude any effective challenge to the existing political elite.” “Western capitals may think they can ignore what happens in Moldova,” he cautioned, “but in fact the consequences of what happens in Moldova are things that Western capitals cannot ignore.”

Suggested Western Response

Paul Goble suggests the European Union and the United States need to avoid remaining passive. “Make it clear to Moldova’s leaders that electoral violations are unacceptable,” he said. “And tell its neighbors that playing political games [in Moldova and Trans-Dniester] will be dangerous and counterproductive.”

Source: VOA News


Friday, April 24, 2009

Petition by the community of Moldavian students in Strasbourg to the European Parliament

[Română]

Strasbourg, April 22nd 2009,
Petition by the community of Moldavian students in Strasbourg to the European Parliament

In regard to the April 5th Parliamentary elections in the Republic of Moldova and the subsequent protests on April 6th, 7th and 8th, we would like to bring the following to the European Parliament:
I. The results of the popular vote have been heavily tampered with during the voting process and in the course of the electoral campaign by the repeated violation of national electoral laws and international norms of conduct:
  1. The elections have taken place in a climate of severe misinformation of the general population at the hands of the ruling party, through the control of the state-run media and a series of politically active television stations;
  2. Opposition leaders and independent journalists have been intimidated by means of fabricated criminal charges;
  3. Current electoral legislation has been revised in order to ensure the victory of the Communist party: the electoral threshold has been raised from 4 to 6%, the constitution of political blocks has been prohibited. The ruling party has refused to open additional polling stations, thus ignoring the repeated requests of the Moldovan citizens working and residing abroad. A law imposing that a candidate give up his second nationality in order to become eligible, has been adopted in what is a clear violation of the September 18th ruling of the European Court of Human rights.
  4. Several thousand deceased citizens as well as Moldovan citizens working abroad are believed to have cast their vote during the April 5th elections. There have also been cases of individuals casting multiple votes.
  5. The electoral ballot has been validated by the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova on April 22nd, in spite of the evidence of electoral fraud, thus testifying to the lack of independence of the judicial system.
Consequently, by illegally exploiting the electoral system to the advantage of the ruling party, the Central Electoral Committee has declared the Communist party victorious with 49,80% of the votes and 60 seats in Parliament.

II. Following a series of anti-communist protests, mostly by young people, the Moldavian government has resorted to a series of tactics, which can only be qualified as remnants of a totalitarian regime meant to intimidate participants:
  1. In reaction to the vandalism perpetrated against two state buildings, the ruling party has wrongfully accused the opposition of orchestrating a coup;
  2. The Communist party has also wrongfully accused neighbouring Romania of interfering in state affairs and of actively taking part in the alleged coup; the party has also instigated protesters to violence and the profanation of state symbols;
  3. The government has severely hindered the circulation to Moldova for Romanian and in some cases Moldavian citizens;
  4. The government has violated its obligations under international law by expelling Romanian ambassador Filip Teodorescu. Furthermore, the introduction of a mandatory regime of visas for Romanian citizens is in direct violation of the cooperation treaty between Moldova and the European Union, signed by the former;
  5. A wave of terror has been launched against protesters and alleged protesters, civil activists, independent journalists, high school and university students. These actions have resulted in the death of three Moldovan citizens and the arbitrary arrest and torture of several hundred others;
III. Deeply worried by the deterioration of the state of human rights in the Republic of Moldova, in the name of the Convention of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms ratified by Moldova, we ask:
  1. That Moldova be sanctioned by the Council of Europe for the flagrant and repeated violation of European norms;
  2. That the international community not recognize the fraudulent results of the April 5th elections, furthermore, that the international community condemn the undemocratic environment in which these elections have taken place.
  3. That the international community take an active role in stopping the instauration of a totalitarian regime in Moldova;
  4. That an investigation be launched aiming to investigate the reported cases of torture and murder and sanction the individuals and institutions responsible.


A Tribute to Communism

A tribute to the glorious accomplishments of many decades of communist governments around the world.
After so many attempts in history, it seems the ideology still has legions of fans and supporters. The notion behind this film was to quickly explain how and why communism works exactly as it does on the state and the people living there.


Wednesday, April 22, 2009

Why Moldova?

The recent Communist takeover may lead to greater conflict in Eastern Europe.
by Stephen Schwartz

Prishtina, Kosovo
From the United States, the small, failed state of Moldova seems distant and irrelevant. The disputed election of a new Communist government headed by an ethnic Russian, Vladimir Voronin, produced anti-Communist rioting at the beginning of this month. Moldova seemed to embody, if more appropriately, Neville Chamberlain's infamous description, at the time of Munich, of the controversy between Sudeten Germans and then-Czechoslovakia: a quarrel in a faraway country, between people of whom we know nothing.

Yet, as with the Sudetenland affair of 71 years ago, Moldova merits a closer look, and from Kosovo and other troubled countries nearby, the events in Moldova appear to be serious warnings of future crises.

Street violence in Moldova was blamed by Voronin on neighboring Romania, which the Communist politician accused of an attempted revolution and annexation. Nevertheless, allegations of misconduct in the Moldovan vote have now produced a promise to recount the ballots. With his anti-Bucharest rhetoric, Voronin served as a puppet of Vladimir Putin, the Muscovite tsar-dictator. But Voronin's rants were historically perverse. In reality, Moldova is overwhelmingly Romanian in language and culture, and was ripped off from its western neighbor in 1940, as a consequence of the Stalin-Hitler pact. The existence of Moldova as a separate country represents the last unresolved item from the dark period of the dictator's pact. The Baltic states, which were also handed over to Stalin under the agreement with Hitler, have, of course, been free of Russian imperialism since 1991.

The rule of Stalin and his Communist successors in Moldova featured numerous bizarre elements of Sovietization. The Moldovans were forced to write Romanian in the Cyrillic rather than the Latin alphabet, and were taught as children that they were a separate nation from the Romanians. In another typical byproduct of Stalinism, the substantial Jewish population--mainly remembered today for their victimization in the bloody pogrom in Chisinau (Kishinev), now the capital, in 1903--was systematically undercounted. The survival of the Yiddish language in the former Soviet republic was ignored.

Even with the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia was reluctant to give up control over Moldova, notwithstanding its geographical separation from Russia, with the immensity of Ukraine between them. In 1990, simultaneous with the Yugoslav' experiment in declaring Serb Republics inside Croatia, the so-called Transnistria was set up in eastern Moldova, where Russian-speakers claimed a majority. The pattern was repeated last year in the phony recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, accompanying the Russian invasion of Georgia. It was no coincidence, as Soviet politicians once habitually said, that Putin included Transnistria with South Ossetia and Abkhazia when he proclaimed their alleged independence.

The Moldovans, after 1991, responded to persistent Russian blandishments with small but significant measures indicating where their hearts and heads lay--westward. They adopted a flag almost identical with that of Romania, abandoned the Cyrillic alphabet, and raised the status of Yiddish, with television and other media in that language. But Moldova was destined to suffer isolation and misery. Notwithstanding Russian propaganda, Romania did little for its ethnic relatives, claiming that the existence of two Romanian-speaking members of the United Nations was better than one. Moldova became infamous as an exporter of women to brothels throughout Europe.

The new election of an outright Communist government was bound to stimulate discontent among Moldovan youth, who have never known the harsh realities of Slavic rule. But once again, in Eastern Europe the long-established historical paradigm defines reality. With apparent contempt for the flirtation with Moscow offered by the Obama administration, Putin and his gang are bent on firming up control over their former possessions and neighbors. A Communist regime in Moldova was merely a step, according to regional critics of Putin's intentions, toward a long-expected assault on independent Ukraine. And it was probably no coincidence that the upheaval in Moldova paralleled Moscow's assertion that Chechnya has been pacified. Chechnya borders Georgia, and many observers believe that Putin is preparing another attack on the latter country, later this year, perhaps crossing the Chechen area.

Meanwhile, down in Kosovo--whose independence was used as a spurious argument in Russian backing of South Ossetia and Abkhazia--Serbian aggression against the new republic continues. This month marks the tenth anniversary of the NATO bombing of Serbia, ending Belgrade's terror against two million Kosovar Albanians. While Montenegro, which historically trumpeted that it was more Serbian than Serbia, and Macedonia, also with a Slav majority, have both recognized Kosovo, Serbia remains stuck in its fantasy of recovering the territory, and refuses to recognize Kosovo's freedom. Defying the Kosovar authorities, Serbian president Boris Tadic crossed the border into Kosovo on April 17, claiming he wished to make a religious pilgrimage to the Serbian monastery of Decan on Orthodox Good Friday, even as Serbia presented a petition at the International Court of Justice in The Hague, against Kosovar liberty.

Predictably, European and UN officials in Kosovo, as well as the maladroit U.S. embassy personnel in Prishtina, pressured the Kosovars to allow Tadic's visit. Albanian activists rushed to the border crossing of Merdare to protest the Serb politician expected entry by motorcade. I followed and watched--but NATO authorities helped Tadic dodge the Kosovars by providing him with a helicopter, as well as an armed guard.

In the frontline of opposition to revived Russian aggression, Poland, Ukraine, Georgia, and Kosovo are key players, inhabited by peoples who despise Putin and are also ready to fight for the freedoms they have gained in the past 20 years. Is Moldova worth American engagement? Probably not. But the likelihood that President Obama will abandon our commitment to place missile defense facilities in Poland and the Czech Republic would send the worst possible message to Moscow. Russian expansionism has gained new life, regardless of the blows of the global economic crisis. It can no more be ameliorated by diplomacy than can the threat of Iran and other extreme Islamist enemies of democracy, or the radical leftist upsurge in Latin America.

Let us hope that future historians do not look back at the events in Moldova and judge that obliviousness about such remote issues led us to new and worse appeasement. In the case of Moldova, we need to know now what Putin and his co-conspirators, including those in Serbia, intend, and to prepare for committed opposition to their brutal adventurism.

Stephen Schwartz is a frequent contributor to THE WEEKLY STANDARD.

Source: The Weekly Standard


Tuesday, April 21, 2009

The World's Most Unhappy People

By LOUIS O'NEILL

The recent government crackdown in Moldova on violent protests against allegations of electoral fraud during the April 5 parliamentary vote brings to mind Eric Weiner's "The Geography of Bliss." The author's year-long search for the world's happiest place led him to the conclusion that Moldovans must be the most unhappy people. Without an "abiding faith or culture on which to rely," Mr. Weiner wrote, Moldovans harbor a superstitious world-view that is "free-floating, anchored to nothing but the cloud of pessimism that hovers over this sad land."

While a bit over the top, Mr. Weiner's research revealed important truths which have been consistently observed by scholar and visitor alike: Landlocked between Romania and Ukraine, Moldovans lack a solid sense of identity, pride of nation and hope for the future. That, along with grinding poverty, help explain why as many as one-quarter of all Moldovans live and work abroad, sending back the remittances that keep this country afloat.

It may also explain why Moldovans might be open to the current passport contest for their loyalties among Russia, Romania and to a lesser extent Ukraine. Romanian President Traian Basescu said last week that his country would give Moldovans an individualized fast-track to Romanian -- and thus European Union -- citizenship. Mr. Basescu's announcement would extend passport eligibility to the great-grandchildren (up from the grandchildren) of those who were Romanian citizens when Moldova was, until 1940, part of Romania. This extended cohort comprises much of the population of today's Republic of Moldova. But already in 2007, following Romania's EU accession, Romanian embassies were inundated with hundreds of thousands of applications for Romanian citizenship from Moldovans. Bucharest has only been able to process a small fraction of these, and it is unclear whether the new rules -- which have yet to be implemented -- will increase the pace.

At the same time, Russia has promoted its own "passportization" policy in Moldova and Transdniestria -- the latter has always been a more Russified region of Moldova. Russian forces have remained in the breakaway region east of the Dniester river supporting the Russian-speaking population who have proclaimed a "Transdniestria" republic. The territory wants to become independent and eventually join Russia, although it contains a roughly equal mix of Russians, Moldovans and Ukrainians.

Even those roughly 33% of the Transdniestrian population who are formally classified as "Moldovan" are overwhelmingly oriented toward Russia, its institutions and language. It is unclear how many Russian passports have been issued, but anecdotal evidence suggests that the number is in the many thousands. More quietly, Kiev is also looking out for what it considers ethnic Ukrainians in both right-bank Moldova and the Transdniestrian region.

An examination of the territory's tortured history helps explain the origins of this Moldovan identity confusion. The glory days of Stefan the Great's successful resistance against the Ottomans in the 15th century comprise the nation's lore and symbolism. The last five hundred years, however, have been tough on Moldovan pride.

From roughly 1503, the area was a tribute-paying Ottoman vassal until it came under Russian overlordship in 1812. A few months of independence after the chaos of the Russian Revolution led in 1918 to a "voluntary" union with Romania, which treated its cousins less than chivalrously. This union lasted until the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact sliced back the area to the USSR in 1940. After changing hands during World War II, the territory of today's Republic of Moldova -- with Stalin grafting on the traditionally Russian area of Transdniestria on the left bank of the Dniester river and stripping off to Ukraine the valuable but Romanian-speaking North Bukovina and Budjak in the south -- was swallowed as a Soviet Republic until independence in 1991.

Moldovan identity issues reach deeper than just into geography and citizenship but into their language and thus consciousness. During Soviet times, Romanian -- the native language of some two-thirds of Moldovans -- was declared to be "Moldovan." Top Soviet propagandists in all seriousness created a Romanian-Moldovan dictionary. The written word was recast in Cyrillic instead of the Latin letters used in neighboring Romania since 1859.

But literature in either Romanian or "Moldovan" was repressed anyway, and the language of government and public discourse was Russian. To this day, the older generation in Moldova speaks beautiful, accent-free Russian, while young people use Romanian and have turned to English as their second language, although the smart ones do recognize the practical importance of keeping up their Russian.

In his eight years as president, Moldovan Communist leader Vladimir Voronin has tacked carefully between Moscow and Brussels, or between the inevitably fond memories of their youth that motivate his aging electoral base and the European aspirations of the new generation. But Mr. Voronin's moves have often been more treading water than navigation, and these competing generational -- and identity -- interests found expression in the postelection protests on April 7 and 8.

With many Moldovans potentially "acceding" to the EU as individuals, and lots of Transdniestrians likewise "entering" Russia, what does this mean for Moldova? President Voronin's government has already passed a law requiring that civil servants can have only Moldovan citizenship, and the Central Election Commission outed 21 parliamentarians elected on April 5 who have dual or even triple citizenship. Under the law, they must renounce these other loyalties before taking their legislative seats.

With all these forces still tugging at a relatively new, unconsolidated and poor nation, it seems a proper time and in everyone's interest to give Moldovan sovereignty a boost. After all, every nation recognizes Moldova's territorial integrity and sovereignty, but also the right for Transdniestria to have a special status within a unified country. A serious restart of the "5+2" talks on Transdniestria comprising Russia, Ukraine, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the EU, the U.S. as well as Moldova and Transdniestria, could lead to a real settlement. Such a deal could open important new areas of trust in a reinvigorated U.S.-EU-Russian relationship and improve the lives of people on both sides of the Dniester.

And as for the "Geography of Bliss": I've never seen the Moldovans and Transdniestrians more happy and united as when the Moldovan national football team plays its European rivals at the high-tech "Sherif" stadium, deep within Transdniestrian territory.

Mr. O'Neill was OSCE ambassador and head of mission to Moldova from 2006-2008.

Source: The Wall Street Journal


Moscow, Leave Moldova Alone

Morally speaking, Russian actions are in a class of their own.

This time it's Moldova. Whenever Moscow's former vassal states sputter and crackle with instability, the wheezy old Cold War "moral equivalency" argument gets a new airing. Russia invaded Georgia? Well, didn't the U.S. invade Iraq? Russia sent warships to Cuba? That's because the U.S. is pushing its NATO borders up into Poland and Georgia.

Moscow's near-abroad satellites such as Abkhazia and even Belarus are "black holes" of corruption and racketeering? So look at Mexico and its drug gangs. And democracy? Don't go there--remember the first election of George W. Bush.

And now Moldova, a wobbly post-Soviet entity landlocked between Romania and Ukraine, has once again become a pawn in Russia's game. The Russkies have been kicking the territory around since the czars conquered it in 1812. For a while the czars called it Bessarabia. It became the Moldovian SSR under the Soviets.

Chunks of the territory got traded back and forth to Romania and Ukraine. When the USSR collapsed, Russia lost control and direct geographical contact because the intervening territory of Ukraine became annoyingly independent too. So the Russians destabilized Moldova by inciting separatists to carve out the breakaway region of Transnistria--a precise mirror of Moscow's strategy in Georgia's Abkhaz and South Ossetian regions, and in many other ex-satellites. Moscow's message? You break away from us, we break you apart.

On April 5, the Moldovans went to the polls. It appeared that they chose to re-elect the Communist party with a nearly 50% of the votes. The opposition parties cried foul and the ensuing demonstrations turned to riots and arson. The parliament and presidential palace were ransacked.

Widespread claims of election fraud floated about, including charges that 400,000 bogus ballots of voters who were either dead or living abroad had been counted. A recount was announced, but the opposition parties boycotted the process because they argued that recounting fake ballots would produce the same results.

Meanwhile, police had savagely attacked protesters, killing some and hospitalizing others. Moldova's Communist president accused Romania of meddling in Moldavan affairs and trying to reverse the democratic process by inciting the opposition. The opposition, for its part, accused the government of planting agents provocateurs in their midst whose violent actions allowed the police to intervene without restraint in order to, in the words of the Interior Ministry, "prevent civil war."

It's possible to argue that the original election result was legitimate, and that Moldovans simply can't get enough of Communism and that old-time Russkie bondage. They did, after all, elect the Communist Party into power in 2005--the first post-Soviet entity to do so voluntarily.

Or did they? Nobody quite knows what went on during the prior elections; nobody was watching that closely. But that the outcome should even be close in favor of Communist sentiment tells you that in Moldova, as in Ukraine and even in Georgia, indeed throughout large parts of the post-Soviet sphere, there endures plenty of nostalgia for the old Soviet system, its dubious stability and certainties.

This is where, to an unforgivable degree, we in the West have given equivalency-mongers too much to work with. In the Clinton era, the West watched impassively as command economy systems unraveled into chaos, having promised them for decades that happiness lay through democracy and transparency and open markets.

In the Bush era, the "Color Revolutions" re-infused some vigor into pro-Western ideals, but this time the Iraq project so boosted oil prices worldwide that Russia could play the West's game just as effectively by flooding money into pro-Moscow movements and backing sympathetic think tanks, oligarchs and media moguls who bought up swaths of near-abroad industries just as the West had intended to do.

Now the equivalency principle is back with a vengeance. Georgia has just undergone mass protests to unseat its pro-U.S. president, Mikheil Saakashvili. When the Georgians quite rightly point to Moscow's hand in Georgian unrest, Moldova's Communist president points to Romania's hand in the recent post-election furor.

Romania, you might ask? How on earth did Romania gather the leverage to destabilize a foreign state? Since it joined the European Union in January 2007, it has became an agent of the anti-Moscow Manichean universe, or so one pro-Communist argument goes. Pro-E.U. sentiment exists in Moldova, and even motivates activists to organize. So why shouldn't pro-Moscow activists do the same?

Surprisingly, or perhaps not so surprisingly, the Moscow-centric worldview gets an all-too-sympathetic hearing among Western apologists who believe in Russia's right to revive its sphere of hegemony for no reason other than that they believe the U.S. has such a sphere. What other reason could they have for consigning a swath of the world to Moscow's mercies?

And equally in the post-Soviet sphere, why would so many people turn away from the West and vote for Communist and Socialist parties led by old apparatchiks? Their arguments are never systematically pro-anything. Everybody knows where that radical route leads and has led in the past. But in an unstable world, stability equals Stalinist law and order, and the familiar, navigable world of crony socialism.

Command economies deliver immediate relief from hunger and happenstance. Above all, they steer away from the scary contingency-ridden world of endless work, market oscillations and shiny American artifacts and promises.

So why not regress to the protective womb of a Moscow-orchestrated past-with-no-future? If the sins are equal on both sides, what distinguishes one side from the other? In recent days, for example, Azerbaijan has held talks with Russia to revive their relationship because Turkey is making moves to befriend Armenia. Azerbaijan threatens to reroute its oil and gas supplies to Europe through Russia rather than Turkey.

In this Faustian pact between Baku and Moscow, one wants to ask, what does the glowing future look like for Baku, or for any other Russia-dependent former satellite? In Baku's case, the Russians will simply use Azerbaijani fuels to pressure Europe into submission--then turn around and put the screws back on a Baku now deprived of European moral support. What's the payoff here for the Azeris, or for pro-Moscow Moldovans, Abkhazians, South Ossetians or Armenians?

One shouldn't dismiss the equivalency arguments out of hand, however flawed, because so many believe in them and because Moscow deploys them so consistently. Remember Medvedev's post-Georgia invasion "major foreign-policy speech," in which he suggested that Moscow was saving everyone from a unipolar world, that it was delivering bipolarity selflessly to world as a gift?

For bipolarity read equivalency. Let us, for the sake of argument, hold our noses and simply grant that equation up front--that Moscow's actions abroad are no better or worse than America's. Why not fall back into Moscow's embrace? Georgia has almost a million expatriates working in the Russian zone, and there are almost as many Moldovans doing so. They all speak Russian. So where's the problem?

This may sound like an absurdly empty rhetorical question, but bear with it. In the post-Soviet era, we have too arrogantly and mistakenly believed that we won the argument for good and all, that there's no need to persuade anyone anymore. We have made this assumption most self-defeatingly in the Islamic world, allowing all manner of bearded droners, secular Arab nationalists and croaky old anti-imperialists to outmaneuver us ideologically.

In Iraq, it took almost two years before we had an effective pro-U.S. broadcast entity, Al Hurrah, and it took another year before anyone listened to it. In the post-Soviet sphere, we have stopped actively countering pro-Moscow ideologies, meeting the arguments point for point as we never failed to do throughout the Cold War.

So why choose our side? Here let us think concretely of Moldova's benighted populace and others like them, struggling to think clearly after all the centuries of Russkie intrigue. Say it aloud and clearly over and over, so it becomes an easily communicable mantra: What has Moscow ever delivered in terms of happiness to any dependent peoples in its sphere?

Dear old Russkies, you who have given the world so much in the way of consolation for the human condition, Chekhov and Bulgakov and Pushkin and Rachmaninov and so much else, it's time to let go of Empire. Forget the U.S. threat, forget NATO and the E.U. and equivalency--all those excuses for plying the path of barbarism. Nobody is out to destroy you. As a political and strategic force you have wrought nothing but misery. Let the Moldovans go.

Melik Kaylan, a writer based in New York, writes a weekly column for Forbes.com. His story "Georgia In The Time of Misha" is featured in The Best American Travel Writing 2008.

Source: Forbes


Monday, April 20, 2009

They all fear of the UNION!

[Română]

I am not surprised by the fact that nobody assumes the role of the leader of the rebellious masses of youth and adults, who are shocked by the present situation in Bessarabia.
The future deputies-candidates from the opposition parties (the Liberal Party[PL], the Liberal-Democrat Party[PLDM] and "Our Moldova" Alliance[AMN]) fear that those who protested will ask the reunification with Romania (which would be a right thing to be done), and, as a consequence, they will lose their wished parliamentary mandates. I am stronlgy disappointed in Dorin Chirtoaca, especially because I voted for his party.
If one wants to be a leader, one should know that there might be a time when a sacrifice for the sake of his people will be needed. It is not enough only to expect to be elected. I want to recall Iurie Rosca's example (head of People's Christian Democratic Party[PPCD]) that everybody
should keep in mind. (Iurie Rosca was once a true protector of our national values and an anti-communist, but due to the money he was offered he couldn't resist the temptation and became Voronin's ally) Still, Rosca doesn't care about what Moldova thinks of him- he and his children have a secure future now,since Iurie and Vladimir, our president, are such buddies. So if the opposition parties, together with Chirtoaca, want the same future as Rosca, they're on the right path.
Until this day I can't explain why there is no solidarity with the young people who have protested. I don't understand why the opposition leaders claim that they weren't the organizers of the protests. I don't get how they're going to prove that the elections were rigged, because everything has been planned in advance and the fact that the opposition would dispute the results of the elections was taken in consideration, as well.
Think about this: communists control the justice system, the Central Electoral Commission, the Information and Security Service, Police ans so on. It is obvious that they all have done their best to hide any traces of frauds! It wouldn't surpise me if the re-counting of the votes showed that 100% voted for the communists!
As we know, out of 2,549,804 voters who were included in the lists,59.50% of them voted,which represents 1,536,144 people. Try to remember the 'magic number' - 1,536,144. According to the official statistic data, outside of Moldova, at the time of the elections, there were 627,959 citizens
with the right to vote, out of which only 15,000 people voted, so 627,959-15,000 = 612,959 citizens had no opportunity or desire to express their right to vote.
If out of the total number we exclude those who haven't participated in the elections, being outside of country, we get 1,936,845 potential participants who were in the country. If we compare the number of those who voted, acording to the official data, with the number of the potential voters who were in the country, we get 79.3% - the attendance at the elections. That means that 4 out of 5 moldovans, who were at home on the 5th of april, voted, which is very close to the times when 99.9% voted. Times that thought would not be back! This is why I wrote above that it wouldn't be a surpise if the re-counting showed that 100% of the votes where for the communist party.
I took into consideration the official data, but if I could make a correction to these data, it would be:
1) the number of those included in the lists of the 2009 elections has increased from nowhere with 146 thousand voters since the 2007 elections;
2) the number of those who are not in the country is higher with aproximately 200,000 people than the official number;
When we summarize, we get: 2,549,804 - 146,000 = 2,089,804 voters on the lists of the 2007 elections,
627,959 + 200,000 = 827,959 moldovans from overseas on the elections day,
827,959 - 15,000 = 812,959 moldovans abroad who didn't vote,
2,089,804 - 812,959 = 1,276,845 people, who were in Moldova at the time of the elections and were able to vote.
According to CEC (the Central Electoral Commission) 1,536,144 people voted. Compared to the number of the 1,276,845 people, who were in Moldova at the time of the elections and were able to vote, we get an election attendance of 120,3%!
Wow, either these 20% are our deceased relatives, who can't live without the communists even in paradise, or aliens, who were included in the lists, being unhappy with the dictatorship of their galaxy and wanting to support Voronin so that he would remain their leader forever!
So these 20% represent 400 000 voters, if we consider that the attendance at the elections was 100%. Otherwise the number of dead souls is even greater.

An eventual reunification of all the Romanian territories could be a salvation from communist plague for us.

Source: Curaj.net


Moldova - A first class trip into dictatorship...

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Source: Evz.ro. April 12, 2009. Valeriu Boboc, 23 years old, died as results of protests on April 8. The Prosecutor Office says that death occured after intoxication with unknown substance.
A week of terror and dictatorship... murders, sexual abuses and torture. Two persons died.
This is what Moldova is passing through, starting with April 7, 2009, when the protesters manifested against rigged elections by storming the buildings of the Presidency and the Parliament.
The second day after the events, President Voronin, leader of the winning Communists Party in April 5 elections blames the opposition for organizing a coup d'etat and Romania for being involved in it. He declares Romanian Ambassador persona non grata and imposes visa regime for all Romanian citizens.
Meanwhile, the Police and Security Service is detaining and arresting youth, breaking procedural laws. They are cruelly bet and maltreated.

Allegations of sexual abuses against detained girls have been reported. Two persons have already died. A feeling of terror and insecurity has been in­stalled in the capital city of Chisinau. Events that took place raised a lot of questions, but also signals and proofs that might help find out what has hap­pened.On the day of April 7, the protest­ers stormed the Presidency and the Parliament. The takeover lasted just several minutes. How was this pos­sible? Why did the Police withdraw so quickly from both buildings? Why did the Ministry of Interior bring troops of very young policemen aged less above 20 to protect two most impor­tant buildings of the state? Why the same person hoisted the flags of EU and Romania on Presidency and then the flag of EU on the Parliament build­ing? Why a policeman assists the pro­testers to hoist the flag on the building of the Parliament? Why the firefight­ers din not act immediately, but let the Parliament burn till late evening? Why does the police break a fence into stone pieces on the same day of the April 7 protests? Who are those groups of organised people, dressed in black and wearing sun glasses that instigate protesters and are very agressive? Why do policemen change themselves from uniforms into plain cloths behind the Government build­ing and get infiltrated in the crowd protesting in the National Square? Why the Public TV Moldova 1, the only nation wide broadcasting channel, broadcasts dancing shows while the protests? Why the news on Mol­dova 1 show just wounded police and destruction? Why the Communists publish 1 mln copies of their newpaper and send it over in the villages? Why Communists stopped the verifi­cation of election lists? And why the inernational community does not have a clear message, while Russia urges the Moldovan Government to install order?
In the next pages, you will find infor­mation and links collected from local media and translated into English, to give a better understanding about the events that have happened next week and and how it will shape Moldova in the near future.

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Facts
Statements
The results of the Parliamentary Elections from April 5 organized in Moldova, with the communists winning the majority of votes, shocked Moldovans. People, mainly youth, declared April 6 as a national mourning day, considering that election results have been rigged. They organized themselves through internet and social networks to protest and express their indignation. ThinkMoldova together with Hyde Park called young people today, April 6, at 6.pm at the statue of Stefan cel Mare from the Centre of the city. „If you did not vote for the Party of Communists take a candle and get on the street. The youth declares the day ofApril 6, the National Mourning Day", announce the organisers of the event. Source: Ziarul de Garda


April 6, 2009, Chisinau. Protesters light candles at the Statue of Stefan cel Mare as a sign of mourning, after communists won majority , during elections of April 5.

Around 6 p.m. local time, people started to gather in the centre of the city, at Stefan cel Mare Statue. With candles in their hands, and mobilized by two NGOs, they marched towards the Presidency building, shouting: "Freedom", (Libertate!) "Get out" (Afară!), "Down with the communists"(Jos comuniştii), One, two, one two, take communists to the garbage can (Unu doi, unu doi - comuniştii la gunoi). Meanwhile, the international observers make declarations, qualifying elections correct and with no violations of election standards.



The president of the Republic of Moldova, Vladimir Voronin had a phone converstation with the President of Russian Federation,
Dmitri Medvedev, at the initiative of the Russian state. Dmitri Medvedev has congratulaed Vladimir Voronin with the occasion of the victory of the Party of the Communists from the Republic Moldova with­in the Parliamentary elections from April 5, 2009.
The head of the Russian state showed his concern on future cooperation between the new Government from Moldova and Russian Federation authorities, mentioning the full openess to identify new opportunities to deepen and extend the multidimensional with our country. Medvedev informeed Voronin about the results of the Summit G 20 from London. (Source: Ziarul de Garda)

Statement by Commissioner Ferrero-Waldner on the Parliamentary Elections in the Republic of Moldova (5 April 2009)

"I am pleased that the elections for the fifth Parliament of the Republic of Moldova were con­ducted in a peaceful and orderly manner and in an overall pluralistic environment. I wish to congratulate the Moldovan people for their active participation in these elections, which confirms their commitment to democracy in their country. Nevertheless, I have taken note of the Statement of Preliminary Findings and Conclusions made by the OSCE-led International Election Observation Mission, which shows that further efforts need to be made, including at the legislative level, to ensure an electoral process free from undue administrative interference, to guarantee full respect for freedom of expression and access to information as well as to increase public confidence in the process. Therefore, I call on the newly elected parliament to work expeditiously on implementing the Mission's recommendation once they are finalised. I look forward to the further development of EU-Moldova relations and the implementation of political and economic reforms including the strengthening of rule of law and fundamental freedoms that have been discussed in the course of our dialogue with the Moldovan authorities under the previous legislature."
UI: Statement by Commissioner Ferrero-Waldner
Speaking in Chisinau on Monday 6 April Estonian Socialist MEP Marianne Mikko "noted real improvements in comparison with the 2005 parliamentary elections" explaining that polling stations officials and voters were fully aware of electoral procedures. Ms Mikko noted however that "further efforts must be made, in particular with regard to the position of the public broadcasting organisations". The international observers, in a joint statement, said that "the media provided constant opportunities to candidates to convey their message but that state broadcasters had blurred the distinction between the roles of state officials and their campaign activities." The statement goes on to say that the campaign "was affected by frequent allegations of intimidation of voters and candidates, and claims of misuse of administrative resources". Ms Mikko also voiced concern in relation to the low numbers of registered voters (just 22,000), among Moldovans living abroad who number between 600,000 and 1 million. Europe's poorest country Moldova holds election Strasbourg, 6.04.2009 - Yesterday's parliamentary elections in Moldova met many international standards and commitments, but further improvements are required to ensure an electoral process free from undue administrative interference and to increase public confidence, the International Election Obser-vation Mission said in a statement issued today. The elections took place in an overall pluralistic environment, offering voters distinct political alternatives. The legal framework generally provided an adequate basis for the conduct of a democratic election, although important previous recommendations remain to be addressed. Election day was well-organized and passed calmly and peacefully, with no major incidents reported. The voting and counting process was assessed positively by the observers, despite a number of significant procedural shortcomings. The media provided contestants with opportunities to convey their messages, in particular through debates and paid airtime. The observers noted, however, that the state broadcaster blurred the distinction between the coverage of duties of state officials and their campaign activities. The campaign environment was affected by frequent allegations of intimidation of voters and candidates, and claims of misuse of administrative resources. Some of these allegations were verified by the observers.
Trip into Dictatorship





FactsStatements




Source: unimedia.info. April 7, 2009. Protesters manifest in a peaceful way in front of the Presidency of the Republic of Moldova


Source: unimedia.info. April 7, 2009. Protesters manifest in a peaceful way in front of the Presidency of the Republic of Moldova


"I am delighted with the progress of democracy in Moldova. These elections were very good and they gave me great confidence in the future of this country," said Petros Efthymiou, head of the delegation of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly and Special Coordinator of the OSCE short-term observers.

"The people of Moldova are to be congratulated on a relaxed, mainly well-run and democratic polling day. Now the new parliament needs to make the necessary improvements to Moldova's legal framework and electoral code," said David Wilshire, head ofthe delegation of the Council of Europe's Parliamentary Assembly.

"Our overall assessment of this election is positive, but there is a need to inject more trust in the electoral environment, including through unbiased news reporting by the public broadcaster, improving voter registration procedures, and ensuring that contestants are treated equally by the authorities," said Nikolai Vulchanov, head of the long-term election observation mission of the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR).
UI: Moldova’s elections

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FactsStatements
APRIL 7, 2009

Hundreds of young people in massive flows are gathering on National Square. They have tricolor flags and anticommunist slogans. The young people come in columns from all attached streets. Yesterday, "10a.m." (Mâine la 10!) has being shouted as a message to thousands of young people, to meet again and to protest against the rigged elections and the disregard of the youth democratic option by central public authorities. (Source: Ziarul de Garda)
Around 12 am, almost 10.000 people are between the buildings of two important state institutions: the Presidency and the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova. Policemen, mainly youngsters, equipped with protection helmets and shields form a cordon in front of the Presidency and Parliament. The protesting crowd shouts anticommunist, but also pro-Romanian slogans, such are "We are Romanians", and "Unification". The first row of protesters, mainly athletic guys, is very active and aggressive. They are trying to provoke the police and the other protesters as well.

Hundreds of men in black plain cloths are infiltrated within the protesters. They look different than the students that gathered in the centre of Chisinau. Many young people have signaled that these people instigate them to violence and make calls to physical aggressions.

The reporters of Ziarul de Garda, who are in the centre of the city signaled many cases in which men in black instigate youth to violence and aggressive provocations. Many voices sustain the youth is instigated in order to be suppressed by police. (Source: Ziarul de Garda)
Around 1 am, violence erupts. Protesters start to throw stones in the Presidency building and police; however the law enforcement does not react. At a certain moment, the group of Police protecting the Presidency and the one protecting the Parliament is moving towards the Centre of the Avenue. They are surrounded by the rotesters and stoned. Meantime, Presidency is stormed by rioting protesters. They enter the building and destroy documents, furniture and computers. The police are peaceful and not reacting. More people start to come in the centre.

One of the opposition leaders, Vlad Filat and other members of his party are trying to calm the spirits and ask people to leave the area of Parliament and Presidency, in order to protest peacefully in the National Square.

Later on, other leaders of the opposition: Dorin Chirtoaca and Leonid Bujor join him. They succeed to bring a large mass of people in the Square. Around 3 pm, the protesters place the flag of Romania and of the European Unions on the roof of the presidency.

At 5.15 pm, President Voronin begins his speech at the national television. He says he will find the organizers and they will be held responsible for this.

Around 6 pm, the Ambassadors of the European States have left the Government building where they had a meeting with the authorities from Chisinau. (Source: Unimedia.md)

The Ambassadors from USA, Great Britain, Romania, Czech Republic and other states have left the building of the Government where they had a meeting with the authrorities from Chisinau, including Vladimir Voronin.

The Ambassadors seemed very sad and did not want to speak with the press. Some of them declared that the authorities promised not to attack the crowd, because there are many young people and there might be victims. Being asked if there is any positive mes sage from the authorities from Chisinau, the Ambassadors were not open in declarations. (Source: Ziarul de Garda)
The General Prosecutor Office qualifies as illegal and inadmissible the actions of organizers and participants at the meeting from April, 6, 2009, under the name „Mourning Day".

Thus, on April 6, Ghenadie Brega with the active participation of the leaders of some political parties (V. Filat, A. Tanase, V. Ungureanu, V. Pavlicenco, O. Cernei, V. Nagacevschi etc.) has organised a meeting, where several hundred of people participated.

The purpose of the meeting was to protest against parliamentary election results from April, 5. Several provisions of the Law on assembly have been infringed. (art. 6, 16, 18, 19), according to which: the meeting must be peaceful; the organizer has the right to organize the meeting only in the form, place and terms indicated in the declaration; the participants have the obligation to respect the laws and public order. In reality, a lot of legal provisions have been violated and the organizers have permitted to hinder the main transportation routes, to damage and turn down the public transportation means, to attract minors, to participate in a state of drunkenness, to mock persons.

The organizers did nit respect the obligation assumed by them previously, they shown irresponsibility which affected public order, they did not ensure maintenance of law order. As a result of these actions, the meeting got transformed into a mass disorder. (Source: Ziarul de Garda)

Statement by Spain's Minister for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Miguel Angel Moratinos, Chairman of the Committee of Ministers and Lluis Maria De Puig, President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

Strasbourg, 07.04.2009 - "We have learned with concern about the violent events which have taken place in Chisinau following the 5 April parliamentary elections in Moldova. The storming of public buildings is unacceptable and we urge a halt to any further violence on all sides. We underline at the same time the importance of securing people's right to peaceful assembly. We call on all political leaders in the country to enter into a dialogue with a view to preventing any further violence.
The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe observed Sunday's elections and noted that they met many international standards, but that further improvements were needed. Restoring public confidence requires that rapid action is taken to address the shortcomings noted by international observers during the elections. The Council of Europe is willing to assist in this process."
Statement by Terry Davis, Secretary General of the Council of Europe

Strasbourg, 07.04.2009 - I am concerned about reported violence during the protests against the election results in Chisinau. This is not acceptable and I call on everyone to show restraint. Council of Europe and other international observers noted several shortcomings which will have to be improved before the next elections, but they did not challenge the overall results. Some people may not be happy with the outcome, but accepting defeat is a part of the democratic process. As to any specific allegations of electoral irregularities, these should be dealt with in the court not in the street.

Commissioner Ferrero-Waldner on violent demonstrations in Chisinau

"I am deeply concerned by reports about clashes between demonstrators and police in Chisinau. I call upon all involved to immediately stop any acts of violence. I urge all concerned to exercise restraint and engage in dialogue. I strongly call for the leaders of all Moldovan parties to call for calm, pursue dialogue and avoid statements that could further inflame the situation. I remind all parties that any complaint in connection to last Sunday's election should be addressed through the existing channels."
Commissioner Ferrero_Waldner

Trip into Dictatorship

[Click to enlarge]Source: Unimedia.info. April 7, 2009. Devastation of Presidency Building of the Republic of Moldova



[Click to enlarge]


Source: Unimedia.info. April, 7 2009. Protesters stonning the Presidency Building. A day after, a video on how, police destroys a fence to prepare stones appeared. Here is the link.



[Click to enlarge]


Source: Unimedia.info. April 7, 2009. In front of the Presidency buidling, waterflows are directed against protesters. For better documentation click the link.



[Click to enlarge]
Source: Unimedia.info. April 7, 2009. Young people are destroying the first floor of the Parlia­ment Building.



[Click to enlarge]

Source: Jurnal.md. April 7, 2009. Police leave the Parliament and let the protesters riot the Building.


[Click to enlarge]

Source: Unimedia.info. April 7, 2009. Young people are destroying the first floor of the Parlia­ment Building.


[Click to enlarge]


Source: Jurnaltv.md. April 7, 2009. Two fake protesters place the flag of the European Union on the top of the Parliamentary building. They are aided by a representative of Police. These are the same persons that placed the flag several hours agon on the building of the Presidency.



[Click to enlarge]
Source: Jurnal.md. April 7, 2009. Young people protesting peacefully on the National Square. In the same time the Parliament Building is being devastated.



[Click to enlarge]


Source: Unimedia.info. April 7 2009. Protesters burn documents and furniture from the Parialment


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FactsStatements
Around 6 pm, several hundred of police surrounded the premises of Television Moldova 1. The police are placed behind the fence, being well equipped for attacks. In the centre of Chisinau, there were many journalists from TV/Radio Moldova 1. They declared that they were not permitted to broadcast news about the events from the Centre of the city. The public TV was broadcasting music and theatre shows. The protesters have shown their disappointment towards this behavior of the governance. That is why more to overtake PublicTelevision have been expressed (Source Ziarul de Garda)

The Emergency Hospital has confirmed that nobody died during the events from the Presidency. At 18.20, the doctor on guard told the newspaper Ziarul de Garda that no decease has been registered as follow up of anticommunist wrangles. According to the doctors, 80 persons need medical assistance. A great number of people has been hospitalized having wounds, bruises brain traumas. The wounded have been transported to the Emergency hospital and the Hospital of the Ministry of Interior. (Source: Ziarul de Garda)

Around 6 pm, the opposition leaders (Vlad Filat, Dorin Chirtoaca, Serafim Urechean) meet with the President of the Republic of Moldova (Vladimir Voronin), the Governmental team and the Speaker of the Parliament (Marian Lupu) to negotiate over the repeated recount of votes, verification of electoral lists and anticipated elections. Around 7 pm, the protesters are very active in front of the Parliament. Violence erupts again when protesters start throwing stones. They succeed to break the doors and enter in the building. In a short time, the police without trying to use their powers and stop the vandals are leaving the Parliament. The protesters storm it as they did several hours ago with the Presidency building.
Two offices from the 5th floor of the Parliament are burning. The police are staying in the back of the presidency and do not act. Neither the firemen! Only at 10.45 pm, the firemen took control over the situation.

(Source: Unimedia.md)
In Moldova, all internet connections are shut. Massmedia is blocked. Local television cannot broadcast. The national TV is broadcasting a dancing show. (Source: Unimedia.md)

Hundreds of young people protested today in Ungheni and Balti and supported the protest in Chisinau. They declared that the elections were fake. Also, some buses with Moldovan students from Romania, coming to Chisinau to protest were not allowed to enter Moldova. (Source: Unimedia.md)

Dorin Chirtoaca, deputy president of the Liberal Party, made a call to protesters to a peaceful protest. Vlad Filat, president of Liberal Democratic Party, requested the Central Election Commission refrain from publishing the final election results, until all the petitions for reevaluating the election results from opposing parties are examined.
(Source: Unimedia.md)

The President Vladimir Voronin accuses opposition parties of preparing a coup d'Etat. On the other hand, opposition parties, declare that the protesters have organized themselves through the internet .., twitter, forums) and SMS.
(Source: Unimedia.md)


Source: Unimendia.info. April 7, 2009. Protesters stone the Police between Presidency and Parliament Building


Civil Coalition for free and correct Elections "Coali-tion 2009" considers parliamentary elections from Moldova on 5 April 2009 as not fully correct and even if we exclude the Transnistrian incidents, then we still can not consider the elections to have been free and correct.

(Source: Unimedia.md)

Ghenadii Ziuganov, one of political leaders from Russia, declared that secret services from western countries were involved in organizing the protest (Source: Unimedia.md)

Javier SOLANA, EU High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), expressed his concern over the situation in Chisinau, Republic of Moldova, and made the following statement:

"I am very concerned over the situation in Chisinau, following the 5 April parliamentary elections in the Republic of Moldova. International election observers noted in their preliminary findings that the elections met many international standards and commitments, but that further improvements were required to ensure an electoral process free from undue administrative interference and to increase public confidence.
I call on all sides to refrain from violence and provocation. Violence against government buildings is unacceptable. Equally important is the respect for the inalienable right of assembly of peaceful demonstrators.
"

Javier Solana declaration

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FactsStatements
APRIL 8, 2009

Protests continued. Thousands of people gathered in the National Square. The atmosphere was calm, however, athletic guys, in black sports uniforms move within the crowd of people and provoke the protesters. Any attempt to film or to photograph them is not successful as they hide their faces. The police well equipped are protecting the Government. Around 6 pm, more protesters come. It is obvious that two groups of protesters participate: those who are very active and aggressive and peaceful people. The police are ready to react in case of any provocation. The first line of protesters is very active, shouting anti communistic and nationalistic slogans. Behind the Government, many police are dislocated. They are changing in plain clothes and walking into the crowd to provoke it. Late in the evening, some of the protesters are detained by men dressed in plain black cloths, put in cars and transported into unknown directions.
During the night from April 7 to April 8, a deceased person has been brought to the Emergency Hospital by a private car. According to Liviu Vovc, the chief of the City Emergency Station, during the night from April 7 to April 8, a car of Niva model brought in the trunk a dead body and declared that this is a person from protest. The persons who brought the body reported that it has been put in their trunk and they have been told to bring it to the Hospital. According to Vovc, the body was immediately taken by Police for further investigation. There are no other dead persons as follow up of the protests.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)

Many parents have signaled that they can not find their children. They declared that the Emergency Service reported that almost 200 young people with traumas have been taken to City Police Station on Tighina 6. The Police Station says that the children have been taken out of the city. (Source: Ziarul de Garda)
Today, around 10.30 am, the politician Sergiu Mocanu has been arrested. Currently his sons are on the territory of the Romanian Embassy for more than half a year, asking for protection from the Romanian state against Police abuses. He has been taken from street by ten persons in plain cloths. They did not present themselves, but said they are policemen. Mocanu was put into a car. Nobody knows where he is and his mobile phone is switched off.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
According to the data from the Central Election Commission, after counting 98,28%, the Party of Communists lost one mandate, having now 60 mandates, which is not enough to elect the future president.

The Liberal Party and the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova have equal number of mandates - 15 each. Although, the Central Election Commission promised to announce the results in the morning of April 8, up till this hour 12.30 pm, this thing did not happen. (Source: Ziarul de Garda)

All trains from Chisinau to Bucharest have been suspended. The Administration of the Railway station informed that today and tomorrow, the train will not circulate. The reporters from Ziarul de Garda have asked why trains have been suspended. The administration declared that trains were stopped because of technical reasons.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
In the evening, while filming reportage from the National Square, Oleg Brega, has been taken out of the crown and bet to blood. His camera has been destroyed. Brega needs medical assistance. At this hour, the Government is surrounded by armed people. The protests in the National Square continue. During the Mesager programme at the National Public TV, Moldova 1, Voronin continues to accuse Romania.
The Goverment endorsed a decision to impose visas to Romanian citizens. The Visa regime will be applied starting from Thursday, 9 of April. Moldovan uthorities have declared Filip Teodorescu, romanian ambassador, persona non-grata in Moldova.

The airport customs did not permit to the correspondent of Radio Romania Actualitati to enter Moldova at the international airport Chisinau.

Today, President Vladimir Voronin held a speech for 15 minutes at the national television at the main news bulletin of the country. He accuses Romania for trying to organize a "coup d'etat." Also today, Vladimir Voronin had a meeting with universities rectors why he criticizes them for letting students to participate at the protest (at the end rectors applauded).

Strasbourg, 08.04.2009 - Josette Durrieu (France, SOC) and Egidijus Vareikis (Lithuania, EPP/ CD), corapporteurs on Moldova for the Monitoring Committee of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), who were present in Moldova to observe the elections of Sunday 5 April 2009, today called for "an end to violence and provocation" in the capital city, Chisinau. "We are concerned about the deterioration of the situation in a European country which nevertheless benefits from our attention and our support. Moldova needs to achieve political stability in the context of a democracy which will be able to assert itself only through elections, and not through violence", they declared. The corapporteurs stated that they would continue to monitor the situation in the country closely so that they can report to the members of the Monitoring Committee in Strasbourg during the spring Session of the PACE (27-30 April 2009).

UI: Moldova - Appeal for calm

U.S. Embassy Statement on Today's Protests in Chisinau

The United States regrets the violence in Chisinau that has led to injuries, damage to property and a possible loss of life. We call on all participants to refrain from violent action and to resolve their differences through peaceful means. We encourage government authorities to continue to show restraint. Citizens of a democracy have the right to assemble and express their views in a peaceful manner. We encourage all Moldovan citizens to work together and resolve their differences amicably.

UI: US Embassy Statement

Emma Nicholson, member of the EU Parliament, on Moldovan Elections

"When we stoped the count at about 1 a.m., it looked as though the Communists were going to have 35%, and the combined opposition would be about 40 to 45%," baroness Emma Nicholson, a member of the European Parliament, has told the BBC. She monitored the elections as part of the OSCE team. And by 8 a.m. the figures were really very very different indeed. It was 50% for the Communists and something tiny, very small indeed for the other opposition parties," Emma Nicholson said. "But we had no proof," said the European parliamentarian.

"I would have been much more guarded, had I been the leader of the delegation, myself," Emma Nicholson stated. The baroness says she has much experience in monitoring the elections in this region. "Our report was much too warm and friendly towards that vote. The problem is that it was an OSCE report.

The OSCE includes the Russians. And the Russians' view was quite substantially different from my own, for example
," said observer Emma Nicholson. Baroness Emma Nicholson said she found it "difficult to endorse the very warm press statement" from the head of the OSCE.

"The problem was that it was an OSCE report, and in the OSCE are, of course, the Russians, and their view was quite different, quite substantially different, for example from my own," she told BBC News. She said she and other observers had a "very, very strong feeling" that there had been some manipulation, "but we couldn't find any proof.

UI: Moldovan Riots
Trip into Dictatorship








Facts
APRIL 9, 2009

It is almost 8.00 P.M., but the alarming calls keep ar-riving. Many claim they do no longer feel confident of their own safety and ask for the journalists' protection.

We received calls from people of Ialoveni city and were told that there were already over 300 young people arrested after being identified by police from the photos of the protests.

We received calls from Bacioi, and we were told that the mayor and the local police intimidated children from the city's school. They threatened the children with imprisonment if they participate in protests. Some children are in a state of shock and parents are afraid to go to the doctor.

We received calls from Chisinau and we were told that today, near the Sun City store, young people were arrested in the street and loaded onto cars and taken to an unknown destination.

We received calls from the customs' and were told that Moldovan students who wanted to return home for the Easter Holidays were stoped at the border, and were not allowed to cross the Moldovan border.

We were contacted by people from Chisinau and were told that mobile phones had been disconnected in the center of the city to create impediments in communication.

We were called by people who identified themselves as «policemen friendly to the people», and who said that the waves of arrests would continue, therefore people should not carry their ID's on them.
(They did not explain why).

We were called by people from Ciocana region of Chisinau who they said that they had received telephone calls and the people on the other end of the line introduced themselves as «police» and asked them about their neighbors, how to find them and what time they usually come home.
We were called by the parents of young people missing since the 7th or the 8th of April and they said that they could not find their children and that the police didn't want to help or explain anything.

We were called by people from Orhei and we were told that if there was a group of people of more than 5 people — some person would approach them holding a map of «The Great Romania» and immediately unidentified men would appear and arrest them accusing them of aggression from Romania.

All these things should be checked, but state institutions no longer respond to our calls. We continue to record people's complaints and we will insist on getting the official answers to all your questions.

Today, police checked all transportation means that entered into Chisinau. The Police verified in details especially the youth, ask them about the purpose of arriving in Chisinau.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)

The Central Election Commission has allowed the opposition parties to verify the election lists. The opposition has 4 days starting from today, Thursday.

Between 11 am - 12 pm, 2 BMW's arrived at the Agricultural University from Chisinau. Some uniden-tified persons took several students and transported them into unknown directions. People who saw the cars said one of it was registered in Moldova (number C CV 361, grey color, BMW) and the other in Germany (number SL AH 260, green color, BMW).
In the midway, only 200 persons are in the National Square.

Today, Gabriel Stati, one of the most important business-man from Moldova was arrested in Odessa (Ukraine). Authorities suspect him for organizing protest. At this moment, the offices of the Stati Holding are being checked by police.
(Source: Unimedia.info)



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FactsStatements
APRIL 10, 2009

Groups of 4 to 6 persons dressed as civilians detain people that walk in the Public Garden «Ştefan cel Mare şi Sfânt from Chişinău»
Almost one hour ago, the ZD reporters saw how a young person was pursued and detained. His arms have been entwisted at his back. After a short dialogue, the young man was released and directed towards the back of the Government building. In the same time, in the park entrance, a car with the Transnistrian car plate C221BX has parked. A few people came from that vehicle and welcomed the suspect groups dressed like civilians. These suspect groups continue to patrolling the park.
Today, April 10, 2009, the Buiucani court has examined the charge against Sergiu Mocanu, former presidential adviser, submitted by the General Prosecutor Office and issued the decision to extend arrest warrant for 25 days. He is being charged of organising public disorder. We remind that on April 8, around 10:30 am, Sergiu Mocanu has been taken by force by 10 persons in plain cloths.
Moldtelecom blocked access to the most popular sites for subscribers to the Internet.
Only several dozen of people are now in the National Square. Some of the have flowers, others not, most have umbrellas — it rains. Ziarul de Garda correspondents transmit that there are many people are in plain cloths who behave as security agents observe people if they transmit newspapers or any document. They surround those who talk.
Policemen in uniform are not visible at this time in National Square. PMAN. Instead, behind the Government of Moldova, police troops, police and firefighter cars have been deployed.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
Anatol Matasaru says he was beaten cruelly in offices nr.228 and 223 of the General Police Station, where was held from the morning of April 9 till the present.
His lawyer, Victor Pantaru has informed us that Anatol Matasaru was detained on the morning of April 9, by person in plain cloths that did not inform him the reason of detention.

Matasaru's lawyer has explained that he was beaten by two policemen, called Sarbu and Ghenaduie in offices 223 and 228. He says he was beaten with fists and feet. Pantaru declares that Matasaru's face looke diformed becuase of the beatings, his breathing is difficult and says to have broken ribs. Although after the beatings, he requested an ambulance, the doctors offered him the aid, but the police would have prevented them to document fully Matasaru's trauma.
"Even if is Matasaru accused, the police is not entitled to apply force. The detention conditions should be according to the standards" Pantaru said, adding that Matasaru's clothes are torn, he speaks slowly and can not breathe, accuses dizziness and faint state. Also, the file on Matasaru has been opened 6 hours after he was detained, which is again a violation of law.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
Rodica Mahu, editor in chief at the Jurnal de Chisinau newspaper has been kidnapped from Puskin street, in the morning of April, 10.
Journalists are trying to find details from authorities, up till now nothing is known.
Four journalists from Ziarul de Garda have been followed today, while they were walking behind the Government, by persons in plain cloths. The journalists had to run till the hotel Joly Allon.
At 12.30, persons in civil cloths followed the reporter of Ziarul de Garda, from 31 August str. Till Tighina str. till he managed to enter in a building.
Today, men in black patrol the streets in Chisinau. They walking groups of two mainly on central street. Around the Government there are hundreds of Police with shields.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
This morning, all buses to Chisinau were stopped and verified. One bus with the route Oradea (Romania) - Chisinau was stopped and 10 students have been arrested. "I was coming home for Easter holidays. Police declares that they will allow us to go home, if our parents come with their passports to pick us up" said Catalina Tomsa for UNIMEDIA, one of the arrested persons.
(Source: Unimedia.info)
Russian Federation has offered special equipment to Moldova for fighting against the protests from Chisinau.
The news belongs to the Russian publication Kommersant.
(Source: Unimedia.info)
Journalists teams from Romania (Realitatea TV, Antena 3), who broadcasted live the events from PMAN, have been detained and expelled from Moldova.
(Source: Unimedia.info)
Russian Federation has offered special equipment to Moldova for fighting against the protests from Chisinau. The news belongs to the Russian publication Kommersant.
(Source: Unimedia.info)
The Editor-in-chief aof Jurnal de Chisinau newspaper was released in the afternoon of Paril 10. She has been detained walking near the government for extracting info which could be used to hit the government", says Jurnal.md.
(Source: Unimedia.info)
Today, around 4pm, about 800 protesters gathered in the central square of Chisinau. The young people brought with them flowers for accentuating the peaceful character of the action, where they demonstrate disagreement towards the results of the elections from April 5 and the intimidation towards the young protesters.
(Source: Unimedia.info)
Jurnal de Chisinau newspaper and JurnalTV asked the US embassy in Chisinau to offer political asylum for all the editing team, because of the fact that the reporters are being terrorized these days by the force organs.
(Source: Unimedia.info)
After the press has written that the communist government has co-participated at vandalism acts from presidency and parliament, publishing images with youth supported by policemen, today, April 10, the presidential security explained to the journalists:
"The policeman that appears in the photo on the roof of the presidency was there because he was asked to get up by the people". As about the fact that a policeman was filmed while destroying a yard for giving stones to the protesters, the explanation was: "the police could not get a car out of the yard". Where was that car from and why couldn't the car be taken out from the yard although near there was a gate, the presidential security didn't answer.
(Source: Unimedia.info)
On Thursday morning, 8 A.M., police visited several high schools from Chisinau to search for those who did not attend classes on Tuesday, April 7, when the presidency and parliament buildings were vandalized. The directors of the schools are afraid to lose their jobs.
(Source: Unimedia.info)
"They've hit me as they could. I was hit all over the body". This is how a young man commented for UNIMEDIA how he was aggressed by police during the night of April 7. The young man tells how he was beaten by the order forces, saying that they've took documents, money and the mobile phone.
(Source: Unimedia.info)
A young man of 23 years old, who was arrested on April 7, was cruelly beaten by police, after he participated at the manifestation as a translator for a group of Swedish journalists. This way, the policemen were very interested to find out what is his connection with the Swedish people.
(Unimedia.info)
Romanian reporter, Doru Dendiu, from TVR (Romanian TV) was realeased, says Antena3.
(Source: Unimedia.info)
The main leaders of non-guvernamental organisations from Moldova made statement 30 minutes ago at a press-conference, in which they declare that the protest on 7th April was pacifist and only an active group of instigators incited the crowd to vandalism. In this case, the transfer of the responsibility for the violence to opposition parties is not correct. NGO leaders ask President Voronin to stop violence to participants at the protest and opposition.

The declarations Voronin made were catalysis for people to participate at protest, mentions the declaration of NGO's leaders.
(Source: Unimedia.info)



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Facts
APRIL 11, 2009
The access to the election lists was open only Friday afternoon and only in a few sectors out of over 30. After several hours, the access to the list was been stopped, based on a request made by the Party of Communists to the Court of Appeal. Victor Osipov, from Alliance Our Moldova, has said that today no one has access to the list. It was possible to examine the lists only in 7 the sectors and for a few hours. Moreover, the reexamination was done in absolutely inappropriate conditions, in the basement of a court. The representatives of the Party of Communists have filed a complaint with the Court of Appeal to halt the examination oflists.The meeting will take place today at 15.00
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
Although Vladimir Voronin has promised to the international community that will ask the Constitutional Court to authorize the procedure votes recount today, the Central Election Commission has decided to send to Court for approval the report on the final results of elections.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
The Centre Election Committee said that 8 parties that requested access to election lists work together with the representatives of the courts. However, the access is very limited and in other voting sections is absolutely impossible, say the representatives of the Parties.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
The representatives of the Court of Appeal declared for ZDG that the request that has been filed by the Party of Communists on cancellation of vote's recount, which had to be examined today, was delayed for Monday.
Sandu Tanase, lawyer and representative of Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova declared « Knowing the degree of independence of justice from Moldova, I will not be surprised to find out on Monday that the request has been solved in favor of the Party of Communists.„The meeting has been delayed. This does not mean that they will not win. Maybe there will not even be necessary, as the Central Election Committe seeks to confirm the Election results", said Victor Osipov, Alliace Our Moldova representative.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
Young people that have been arrested in the last days as results of the protests in Chisinau were transferred last night from the police sections to the Penitentiary nr.13 from Chisinau. The detained informed us that young people had traces of brutal beatings, and were cruelly beaten, when they tried to shout while being transferred to the prison. Several detained persons told us that a real tragedy happened during the night in the prison from the Bernardazzi street, Chisinau. Starting with 12:00 a.m., a car brought to prison young people arrested during the last days. They were charged of being participated in protests. Detainees say they heard many female voices screaming and asking for help. For "disturbing the peace" the guards bet them cruelly, and as more the women cried, as more severe the beatings were. The lawyers and attorneys, contacted by "Ziarul de Garda" have confirmed these facts. «I understand that several groups of detainees were brought to prison, first-at 11.00 pm, then at 12 am. Yes, we were told that they were beaten.We don't have access there yet. It is tragic.»
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
The Guard Journal (ZDG) received signals that some of the young women detained by the police during the protests have been sexually abused.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
The young women detained at the police, which opposed resistance to police proposals for cooperation were subject to physical abuses but also sexual violence. This fact has been confirmed by one of the medical workers which examined some of the young people during these days, within the Police Stations. At the General Police Station we've been told that there are no girls detained and they don't know anything about such cases.
At the same time, two women reporters of our Journal have been threatened with settling accounts by sexual abuse by the members of the order forces during April 8 incidents from backside the of the Government.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
Sources from within the penitentiary inform that around 7 pm, a new group of young people arrested during the street protests was brought at Penitentiary no. 13 from Chisinau. In total it's said that 600 people are arrested.
About 40 young people have been brought recently, and 50 people were brought last night. Sources from within the penitentiary sustain that they have been placed mainly in the cells 38, 60, 81 from block no. 2, and in cells 17,14,104 from block 1. They were not allowed to make any phone calls home.
During the day, ZDG contacted constantly the press office of the Penitentiary Department as well as the phone number of Ana Racu, the representative for media relations of the Penitentiary Department, but with no success.
At this hour, the TV program "Rezonans" from TVM (Teleradio-Moldova) transmit that during the street revolts 600 people have been arrested in Moldova. There are is no other official data about the exact number of people arrested, yet.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)


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FactsStatements
APRIL 12, 2009
Today, the manifestations have been calm. Five po-licemen have been dislocated in front of the Gov-ernment; they did not do anything during the whole event.
In fact, the organizers had their own forces to maintain public order. They could be easily recognized by the white ribbon around their neck. However, two incidents that could have ended up in provocations took place. The first was connected with a red trolleybus that entered into the crowd.
At that moment, the National Square was full with people and the public transportation could not circulate through, it had to avoid the National Square. Out of a sudden a red trolleybus, full of people in plain clothes, mainly women entered into the crowd. The risk that somebody from the crowd would instigate to attacking the vehicle was real.
Vlad Filat has interrupted the speaker from the microphone and immediately asked the crowd to allow the trolleybus to pass. Although the crowd has formed a corridor, the trolleybus would not move. It has been noted that it got disconnected from the electricity cable. In a short time, the trolleybus has been reconnected to the electricity cable and passed under the applauses and smiles of the people. Other transportation units did not pass through the crowd.
The second incident happened on the stage. A woman dressed in black and with an icon in her hands stepped on the stage. With violent shouts, she was asking for the microphone because „she was bringing prays on behalf of Iurie Rosca", blaming the three opposition leaders, who organized the today's meeting. The woman said that her name was Iulia Lozovanu and that she recognizes only one party — the Popular Christian Democratic Party. The majority of the cameras were pointed on her. The incident lasted several tens of minutes till the woman was walked out of the stage and then out of the crowd.
Today, those 15.000 protesters from the National Square have honored the memory of the young person, killed on April 8.
Valeriu Boboc of 23 years old, supporter of the Liberal Party, has been transported to the morgue within the protests perimeter. His parents think that he was murdered with cruelty.
On the other hand, the General Prosecutor Office has communicated in a press release that: „In connection with the multiple rumors related to the death of the citizen Valeriu Boboc, the Press Service of the Prosecutor Office is in right to inform the following. On April 8, at 1.15 am, V. Boboc died on his way to the Emergency Hospital. According to the results of the autopsy, the body injuries and namely a broken rib have no causative connection with the cause of death. According to the doctors, he was subject to intoxication with an unknown substance. In order to exclude any doubts related to the cause of death, the prosecutors are ready to call an international expertise."
Meanwhile, the General Prosecutor Office has formed a special group of prosecutors with the task to verify and examine all requests and complaints filed by citizens regarding the alleged actions of abuses, torture etc., committed by police.
With regard to the persons detained or arrested within the actions of mass disorders, the Prosecutor Office informs that according to procedural criminal laws, all persons are granted legal assistance, the access of lawyers is ensure and the hearings of minors are carried out in the presence of parents or professors. The prosecutors constantly verify the detention rooms in order to exclude abuses from law enforcement.
In this context, the Public Relations sections as well as other subdivisions of the Prosecutor Office are ready to receive and examine all complaints related to alleged bad treatments."
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
Source: Evz.ro April 12, 2009. Valeriu Boboc, 23 years old, died as results of protests on April 8. The Prosecutor Office says that death occured after intoxication with unknown substance.


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FactsStatements
APRIL 13, 2009
Julieta Savitchi, the wife of Anatol Matasaru, known for his protests against corruption and anticommunist.

„Now, he is in Police arrest. They are mocking him in a certian way. He is tortured. The police make him kiss their boots, in order to let him alive. His life is in danger, says the journalist Julieta Savitchi, bringing the attention of mass media on this serious case of human rights violations. „I am afraid that I will not see him alive anymore", she says.

(Source: Ziarul de Garda)

Parents of Radu Calancea, who was arrested in April 7, on the square of the Theatre of Opera and Ballet are worried about the serious situation their son is in. „He has asthma and might die in any moment , says Mihai Calancea, outlining that he could not find out about the place his son is for a long time.

Edwin Berry, Human Rights Adviser to the UN in Moldova has managed to visit the prison nr.13 on Saturday and talk to at least 40 of the young people arrested during the protests. «I have never seen any-thing like this», said Berry.

The UN adviser claims he has seen at least 40 youngsters who are detained in various cells. «They all have traces of beatings and injuries,» Berry said, adding that practically all the prisoners are aged between 18 and 24.

The prisoners complained they were beaten in the different police sections or at the headquarters of the Commissioner General of Police. They claimed that between 25 and 28 people were held in small cells of 8 square meters. They were given very little water, and virtually no food. Also, most of them complained about the fact that they were not allowed to see a lawyer.



Source: Cotidianul.ro. April 13, 2009. Victims of police torture after the anticommunist protests.








"When I found out, where he is I insisted to give him at least the medicine. He urgently needs «Salbutamol». I took him the medicine, but they refused to give it to him.", says the father of the boy.
According to some prison inmates, Radu has been beaten with cruelty by Police. Moreover, he has been judged at the Police Station without any lawyer's presence. Nobody informed his family that Radu was transferred in the isolation room of the General Police Station, from Tighina str., in the Prison 13.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)The newspaper The Communist, published 1 milion copies has been loaded starting with Friday morning, around 8.30 am in many cars. [...]
One of the drivers has admitted that the load will be sent in all villages of Moldova. He also said that he does not work for the Party of Communists, but his boss has sent him here. It was clear that the drivers and those employed have been in a hurry.
Source: Ziarul de Garda
Many of the parents of arrested young people have notified us that they have no access to lawyers and that they don't trust the representatives of judiciary. This morning, dozens of relatives of young detained gathered around Penitenciary nr.13 and the Police Station.
Some of them still don't know where their children and relatives are, others say they know that young people are beaten and have no access to the doctor. Several mothers said their children were arrested only yesterday.
The majority had no lawyer and said that they do not know where to find one and that they have no money for legal services.
Although, Amnesty International has provided a list of lawyers open to grant services to persons detained within protests, today all lawyers said they are overloaded with cases.
«I have seen doctors in the Penitentiary, but the pris-oners say they do not receive all appropriate medical assistance)), said the UN representative. He told the press that he had taken photographs of the signs of torture which these young people bear on their bodies. He also requested to set up a meeting with the Moldovan Ministry of Interior Affairs. Also, the data that he collected during his visit will be used to docu-ment the cases and to inform the international com-munity about what is happening.
"From what I saw and heard from those 40 young people, I can say that there are serious human rights violations, namely the practices of inhuman and degrading treatment and preventing the right to legal advice, fair court proceedings and appropriate conditions of detention," said the UN official.
Berry believes it is important there is the "Committee for complaints" in Moldova, which made it possible for him to visit the prison.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)


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FactsStatements
APRIL 14, 2009
Several persons announced Ziarul de Gards that during the last couple of days police patrols stop teen agers on the streets.
Today, on the Dacia Boulevard (Blvd. Dacia) [...] a police patrol stopped a group of children that were going to school. The policemen asked them where they are going, who they are and other details. The children were under 14 years old and they were not accompanied by any adult persons. The law doesn't allow interrogating children in the absence of a lawyer, tutor or parent.
Yesterday, on the Stephen the Great Boulevard (Blvd. Ştefan cel Mare), next to the Fashion Center (Centrul de Modă), a police patrol stopped a group of children, aged between 12 to 14 years old, asked them to open their bags and verified their diary and other personal stuff.
The Interior Ministry didn't offer any comments about this fact, declaring that the board of the Press Office is having lunch.
(Source: Ziarul de Garda)
Anatol Mătăsaru declared today to his lawyer that he was beaten, physically and psychologically abused in order to tell his email addresses.
"They bet me and threatened me asking first of all to sign a document to recognize that I've been paid by the opposition leaders to protest, a fact which is not true. In the time, they've beaten me with their legs to give them the passwords from my email addresses. I didn't have any other alternative than giving them these passwords" said Mătăsaru, adding that he is currently detained with an HIV/AIDS infected person who does not receive medication. He was also threatened that he will be detained with very dangerous criminals, who could kill him, in case he does not cooperate with the police. Victor Panţâru sustains several human fundamental rights are violated and Matasaru will appeal to the law courts.
Ion Tabuleac is the second deceased persons after the Protests from Chisinau. He was only 22 years and died on the night of April 7, being brought to the Emmergency Hospital and left in its yard by a car belong to the Ministry of Interior.
He was working in Russia and on that evening of April 7 he was supposed to come home, but he never came, say his parents. The second day, his parents were announced to come and pick up the body from the morgue. It is another mistery, how they identified him, as he did not have any ID cards, says his mother. At the morgue, the parents were not allowed to see his body. They saw the body only after their son was dressed up. The death certificate states the he died because of a chest trauma. The body of Ion Tabuleac is full with wounds and injuries, his family says.
(Source: Mondonews.ro)

Source: Jurnal.md. Ion Tabuleac, 22 years old, died on the night of April 7 and twas hown from a car belonging to the Ministry of Interior in the yard of Emmergency Hospital from Chisinau. He was buried on April 11.




Traian Basescu underlined the access of the demon-strators into the headquarters of the Moldovan Par-liament and Presidency was not possible without the permission of the Moldovan authorities. "I repeat the authorities permitted the access of the protesters into the state's institutions," Basescu said.
The Romanian President declared himself concerned with the reprisals and the gross violations of the human rights in Moldova. "Kidnapping people, abusive arrests, threats, terrorizing the citizens, fabricating dossiers, probes without securing legal assistance," Traian Basescu specified.
He considers the Moldovan authorities' abuses against media speak about a feeling of illegitimacy and nonrepresentativeness.
Traian Basescu condemned the threat to use weapons, "announced by certain key leaders from Chisinau." "We draw your attention that using weapons against civilians, among which there also are Romanian citizens, is a crime," he said.
Basescu declined Romania's involvement in the events in Chisinau. He said by externalizing Moldova's problems, accusing Romania, the Moldovan authorities try to make the Romanians responsible for the economic, political and social hardships Moldova passes through. "It's not Romania who's responsible for the failure in democratizing Moldova, but it's ones who drag it back to the Communist, Soviet past," Traian Basescu.
Basescu says Romania will ask for a European inquest to establish the responsibility "for the reprisals of these days" as "expelling journalists, violating the human rights, the accusations in the address of the Romanian state."
In case "the oppressive measures go on , Romania will try and help the ones whose life and physical integrity are threatened," by measures of humanitarian assistance.
Basescu mentioned article 7 of the Romanian Constitution which obliges Romania to support the people from Moldova "who consider themselves Romanians and feel like Romanians."
Traian Basescu has asked the Romanian Government to urgently modify the law on Romanian citizenship, so that Moldovans be able to rapidly regain the Romanian citizenship.
In the opinion of the analyst Iulian Chifu, Traian Basescu's speech was excessively diplomatic, "especially not to offer ground for hard words."

The Romanian President's stance comes after the Moldovan authorities accused Romania and its secret ser vices over involvement in the violent acts from Chisinau. (Source: Azi.md)
Political forces in Moldova should demonstrate restraint and respect for the returns of the April 5 parliamentary elections, which numerous international observers have recognized as ones held in compliance with democratic norms. Such opinion was shared by Russian Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Grigory Karasin and the Head of the OSCE Mission to Moldova, Ambassador Philip Remler, who met in Moscow on Monday.
The Russian foreign ministry wrote in a press release after the conversation that the Russian side had expressed a deep concern over the irresponsible actions by political forces that are not interested in preserving the statehood of the Republic of Moldova.
Karasin and Remler touched also in the Transnistria problem, in particular the possibilities available with the international mediators and observers to promote resumption of the negotiation process with an account of the recent Moscow meeting of the leaders of Moldova and Transnistria, held in the presence of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev. (Source: Azi.md)

Trip into Dictatorship











FactsStatements
APRIL 15, 2009
The opposition parties said that the decision of the Chisinau Court of Appeal to ban their access to the election lists was the Communists' (PCRM) decision. However, they managed to copy a big part of the election lists from districts, on the basis of which they can track "falsifying trends." "The authorities do not want to allow us have access to the Chisinau lists especially from Rascani sector, where we suppose most of the frauds were committed," Urecheanu said.
Vlad Filat has given this example: "Cahul district has 65 polling stations, of which we checked 28 , that is 43%. In those we discovered 2,334 breaches. From what we have checked, this is 10.6%." The three leaders are inclined to believe from 10 to 30 percent of the votes were forged per total.
"Now we understand very well the days of April 6 and 7. Why did the Communists allowed to happen what happened: violence and devastating the buildings of the Parliament and the Presidency? Voronin recognizes he opened the access to those buildings on purpose," said Urecheanu, who came up with the explanation: "In order to drive away the attention of the domestic and international community from the results of the elections. And we compare it to the year 1933, when Hitler set the Reichstag on fire in order to crack down the opposition."
Politicians showed proof that 5,166 people voted in a number of polling stations, 3,280 voted with the same Identity card, 1,600 people voted with other documents than the ID card, 1,000 are forged.
The three politicians have said that, although the local authorities had had their own voters lists, several days before the vote, the Information Development Ministry sent them its lists. When the turmoil was on in Chisinau on April 7, President Vladimir Voronin decorated Info Development Minister Pavel Buceatchi with the Order Gloria Muncii (Labor Glory).
(Source: azi.md)
Council of Europe Secretary General Terry Davis statement on Moldova
Strasbourg, 15.04.2009 - "During the last few days, we have received very mixed news from Moldova. On one hand, I am encouraged by the proposal to check electoral lists and recount the votes. This should help to calm the post-election controversy. On the other hand, I am very concerned about alleged breaches of human rights with alleged detention of large numbers of people, including children, and restrictions on the freedom of media. Against this background, I have asked Jean-Louis Laurens, the Director General for Democracy and Political Affairs of the Council of Eu-rope, to travel to Chisinau immediately and report on the situation in the country."

Council of Europe Secretary

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